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  Graduate Courses

Materials Science & Engineering

A University Exemplary Department

D.E. Clark, Head

Professors: D.E. Clark; N.E. Dowling2; D. Farkas; R.W. Hendricks;
G-Q. Lu1; G.R. Pickrell; W.T. Reynolds, Jr.; D.D. Viehland

Associate Professors: A.O. Aning; L.V. Asryan; S.G. Corcoran;
A.P. Druschitz; E.J. Foster; L.J. Guido1; P.K. Lu; M. Murayama

Assistant Professors: X. Bai; C. Hinh; C. Tallon; A.R.Whittington3; H. Yu

Research Associate Professors: J-F. Li; S. McGinnis; C.T.A. Suchicital

Instructors: C.B. Burgoyne; T.W. Staley

Professors Emeritus: J.J. Brown, Jr.; R.O. Claus; G.V. Gibbs; D.P.H. Hasselman; C.W. Spencer

Adjunct Faculty: J.T. Abiade; M.J. Bortner; T.W. Chan; D.S. Finch; M.M. Julian; S.L. Kampe; M.J. Kelley; K.V. Logan; T.K. Ooi; T.F. Zahrah

Affiliated Faculty4: R.C. Batraa; S.W. Casea; R.V. Davalosf; J.R. Heflinb; J.L. Hunterg; D.J. Leoh; H. Marandc; R.B. Moorec; K. Ngoj; M.C. Parettid; S.H. Renneckari; R.H. Yoone
1 Joint appointment with Electrical and Computer Engineering
2 Joint appointment with Engineering Science and Mechanics
3 Joint appointment with Chemical Engineering
4Faculty with regular appointments in other departments: (a) Engineering Science and Mechanics; (b) Physics; (c) Chemistry; (d) Engineering Education; (e) Mining and Minerals Engineering; (f) Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science; (g) Nanoscale Characterization and Fabrication Laboratory; (h) Mechanical Engineering; (i) Wood Science & Forest Products; (j) Electrical and Computer Engineering

E-mail contact: Kim Grandstaff

Web: http://www.mse.vt.edu

The Department of Materials Science and Engineering awards the M.S. (thesis required), the M.E. (non-thesis), and the Ph.D. in materials science and engineering. Candidates for these degrees must hold, or be pursuing, a degree in any branch of engineering, physics, chemistry, geological science, or mathematics.

Specialization is available in: 1) structure and properties of crystalline and non-crystalline materials, 2) materials synthesis, processing, and fabrication, 3) theoretical understanding and computer modeling of materials structures, properties and processes, 4) phase transformations, 5) thermodynamics and phase equilibria, 6) diffusion and kinetics of solid state reactions, and 7) mechanical, thermal, electrical, optical, magnetic property characterization of all material types.

Special Facilities

Specialized laboratories permit research in the following areas: thermodynamics and phase equilibria; materials corrosion and stability; x-ray diffraction and crystal structure determination; phase transformations, precipitation hardening and diffusion in materials systems; electron (STEM, SEM, ESEM) and optical microscopy; mathematical modeling and computer simulation of structure, defects and processes; surface characterization of materials by ESCA; materials synthesis, processing and fabrication; characterization of residual stresses in materials, fabrication of thin film electronic and optical materials, mechanical alloying of metals; composite material fabrication and characterization; and electrical, optical, thermal, and mechanical property characterization of ceramics, metals, polymers and glasses including composites, thin films, dielectrics and semiconductors.

Major research facilities include optical and transmission electron microscopy; an environmental scanning electron microscope; x-ray diffraction equipment including facilities for the measurement of residual stresses in materials; surface analysis instruments; mechanical testing frames; instruments for measuring the thermal response of materials including thermal expansion, thermal diffusivity, and differential thermal analysis; sputtering, thin film and vacuum deposition equipment; heat treatment and sintering furnaces; a metal melt spinner; mechanical alloying ball mills; dry and hot isostatic presses; electrical and dielectric characterization instruments; polymer processing and characterization equipment; and computer modeling and simulation facilities including access to multimedia and computer visualization facilities.

Financial aid in the form of graduate assistantships and tuition scholarships/waivers are available to all qualified graduate students. Recipients of assistantships may be assigned either teaching and/or research activities depending upon available funding, student interest, and departmental requirements.

Graduate Courses (MSE)

5014 (CHE 5014) (CHEM 5014): PRESENTATION SKILLS

Methods and style to make effective technical and nontechnical presentations including blackboard presentations, overhead presentations, slide presentations and research posters. Video presentations with critiques. (1H,1C).

5015, 5016: MSE SEMINAR

Materials Science and Engineering students are required to register for and participate in Materials Science and Engineering Seminar during every semester of residency. Masters of Science or Engineering students must present one seminar during the course of their studies; Ph.D. students must present two seminars during their tenure. Provides training in the organization, preparation, and presentation of technical information. Pre: Graduate standing in MSE. Pass/Fail only. (1H,1C).

5024: MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN MATERIALS RESEARCH

Analytical and numerical techniques applied to problems in materials science. Translating physical information into a mathematical model, obtaining a solution by selecting and applying suitable mathematical methods, applying modern computing tools, and interpreting the meaning and implication of the mathematical solution in terms of the appropirate theories of materials science. An undergraduate science or engineering degree and mathematics through differential equations required. (3H,3C).

5034: STRUCTURE & PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS

An introduction to descriptions of the structure of matter and materials properties. Bravais lattices, Miller indices, reciprocal space, stereographic projections, symmetry and crystal defects. Matrix methods for calculating crystal directions, lengths and angles. Tensor descriptions of properties. Diffraction and scattering from crystals. Undergraduate physical sciences or engineering degree required. (3H,3C).

5044: POWDER PROCESSING

Processing methods associated with making consolidated components from powders. Preparation, blending, and compaction of metallic, ceramic, and polymeric powders. Solid-state and liquid-phase sintering. Laser and microwave sintering. Pre: 5165. (3H,3C).

5054: ADVANCED MATERIALS THERMODYNAMICS

Material systems with particular emphasis on alloys. Thermodynamic relationships. Experimental and computational methods for the determination of the thermodynamic properties of alloys. Applications in alloying, heterogeneous reactions, and the thermodynamics of surfaces. Pre: 4034. (3H,3C).

5064: DIFFUSION & KINETICS

Theories of diffusion mechanisms in solids. Solutions of governing differential diffusion equations. Classic nucleation theory, spinodal decomposition, diffusion-controlled growth kinetics, overall transformation kinetics. Pre: 5054, 5024. (3H,3C).

5114: INTRODUCTION TO MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION

Introduction to techniques used to characterize material structure and chemistry. Physical principles behind surface and microanalysis techniques and the information various techniques provide. X-ray, electron, ion, vibrational, and absorption spectroscopy and optical, electron, and acoustic microscopy. Undergraduate degree in physical sciences or engineering required. (3H,3C).

5124: MATERIALS OPTIMIZATION THROUGH DESIGNED EXPERIMENTS

Methods of analysis of variation in materials systems, in manufacturing or R&D, through the use of statistical methods including experimental design techniques (DOE) with instructional examples related to Materials Science and Engineering. Undergraduate physical sciences or engineering degree required. (3H,3C).

5134: INTRODUCTION TO TEM

Interpretation of Transmission Electron Microscope data. Elementary theories of electron diffraction, imaging and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Overview of sample preparation techniques and instrumentation. Demonstrations of TEM applications and computer-based data analysis tools used to analyze images and spectra. This course is for students who intend to use transmission electron microscopy in their research.  (3H,3C).

5144 (ESM 5144): DEFORMATION & FRACTURE OF MATERIALS

Deformation and fracture of engineering materials is considered in the context of solid mechanics and engineering methods for predicting strength and life. Topics include plasticity, failure criteria, fracture mechanics, crack growth, strain-based fatigue, and creep. Microstructure-property relationships are discussed. Laboratory demonstrations of behavior in mechanical tests are included. Partially duplicates material in ESM 4024 and both should not be taken. (3H,3C).

5164: PRINCIPLES OF CORROSION & ELECTROCHEMICAL PROCESSES

Introduction to the principles of materials corrosion and corrosion protection. Topics include: thermodynamics of materials corrosion, including potential-pH (Pourbaix) diagrams; kinetics of corrosion reactions and mixed potential theory, types of corrosion (uniform, galvanic, crevice, pitting, fatigue, stress corrosion cracking, intergranular, and hydrogen embrittlement), material/environmental factors that promote or prevent the various types of corrosion, and methods and techniques of corrosion testing. Undergraduate physical sciences or engineering degree required. (3H,3C).

5174: ADVANCED PHYSICAL CERAMICS

Characteristics of vitreous and crystalline inorganic nonmetallic materials. Application and discussion of effects of composition and microstructure on thermal, mechanical, optical, electrical, and magnetic properties of ceramic products. (3H,3C).

5200 (ECE 5200): SEMICONDUCTOR HETEROSTRUCTURES

Advanced treatment of semiconductor materials with an emphasis on binary compounds, ternary and quaternary alloys, and strained-layer structures. Topics include crystal structure; lattice vibrations and phonons; energy band structure; equilibrium and non-equilibrium carrier distributions; electron and hole transport via diffusion and drift; and carrier generation and recombination mechanisms. Pre: 3204 or PHYS 3455 (3H, 3C).

5224: PHOTONIC MATERIALS

An introduction to materials used in the generation, propagation and harnessing of light for useful applications. An emphasis on understanding the structure of materials including glasses, single crystals, and polycrystalline materials and their effects on the propagation of elecromagnetic energy. Luminescence (including phosphorescence and fluorescence), refractive index, transmission, absorption, reflection, origin of color in materials, fiber optics, dispersion, nonlinear effects, lasers, LEDs, detectors, numerical aperture, attenuation coefficients, Rayleigh scattering, infrared absorption spectra, holey fibers, and photonic crystals. Undergraduate degree in engineering or science is required. (3H,3C).

5234: INTRODUCTION TO THE MATERIALS SCIENCE OF SURFACES & INTERFACES

Fundamental and applied aspects of surfaces. Solid/solid, solid/liquid, and solid/vapor interfaces. Their structure and defects, thermodynamics, reactivity, electronic and mechanical properties. Applications depend upon class interests, but can include microelectronics, soils, catalysis, colloids, composites, environment-sensitive mechanical behavior, UHV single cystal studies, materials durability, and surface bioactivity. (3H,3C).

5254: SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY OF THIN FILMS

Fundamental properties and microstructure of materials in thin film (thin coating) form, their interaction with a substrate, thin film processing/characterization techniques, and instrumentation. Areas of application have been selected to exemplify the interdisciplinary nature of the field and include the electronics, biomedical, military, aerospace and construction industries. Undergraduate degree in engineering or physical sciences required. (3H,3C).

5314 - MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION TECHNIQUES

Fundamentals, instrumentation and practical application of characterization techniques. Scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry, x-ray photoelectron spectrometry, Auger electron spectrometry, Rutherford backscatter spectrometry, focused ion beam tools, scanned probe microscopy, secondary ion mass spectrometry. Training in practical aspects of theory and operation of materials characterization equipment. Pre: Graduate standing. (3H, 4C).

5384G: ADVANCED NUCLEAR MATERIALS

Materials for nuclear applications with emphasis on fission reactors. Fundamental radiation effects on materials; material properties relevant to structural, moderator, reflector, blanket, coolant, control related structural systems. Pre-requisite: Graduate Standing required. (3H,3C)

5574G: ADVANCED BIOMATERIALS

Biomaterials for medical applications. Basic material types and properties, functional uses of materials in medical applications, and tissue response mechanisms. Integrated design issues of multicomponent material design in prosthetic devices for hard and soft tissues. Materials for orthopedic, cardiovascular, and drug delivery applications. Pre-requisite: Graduate Standing required. (3H,3C).

5584: BIOMIMETIC MATERIAL DESIGN

The application of the structure property relationships in biological materials such as wood, bone, shells, spider silk, connective tissue, blood vessels, and jellyfish as a means to design new materials. Proteins and polysaccharides, biosynthesis and assembly, biomineralization, hierarchical organization. Introduction to tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Life cycle, environmental aspects of biofabrication. Structural characterization of biological materials. Graduate standing required. (3H, 3C).

5614: ADVANCED NANOMATERIALS

Synthesis of 0-dimensional nanoparticles, 1-dimensional nanotubes, nanowires, and nanorods; 2-dimensional nanoribbons and nanofilms, and specialized nano-features on substrates. Characterization of nanomaterials. Processing into higher order dimensions. Chemical, physical, mechanical, and electrical properties of nanomaterials. Application of nanomaterials. Pre: 5054 (3H, 3C).

5904: PROJECT & REPORT

Variable credit course.

5974: INDEPENDENT STUDY

Pass/Fail only. Variable credit course.

5984: SPECIAL STUDY

Variable credit course. X-grade allowed.

5994: RESEARCH & THESIS

Variable credit course.

6214: SEMICONDUCTOR NANOSTRUCTURES

In-depth self-consistent coverage of semiconductor nanostructures with an emphasis on low-dimensional heterostructures, such as quantum wells, quantum wires, quantum dots, and superlattices. Electronic and optical properties of nanostructures; tunneling in nanostructures; quantum phenomena in nanostructures in electric and magnetic fields; and two-dimensional electron gas. Pre: 5200 (3H, 3C).

7994: RESEARCH & DISSERTATION

Variable credit course.

Advanced Undergraduate Courses (MSE)

The following 4000-level courses have been approved for graduate credit:

4034: THERMODYNAMICS OF MATERIALS SYSTEMS

Topics in thermodynamics on the solution of materials selection and design related problems such as materials stability at high temperatures and in corrosive chemical environments. Thermodynamic principles important in controlling equilibrium in single component systems and multicomponent solid solutions and in establishing the thermodynamic driving force in kinetic processes which are important in materials processing unit operations. Estimation of thermodynamic properties and equilibrium calculations in multicomponent and multiphase systems. Pre: 2054, 2054. (3H,3C).

4164 (MINE 4164): PRINCIPLES OF MATERIALS CORROSION

Introduction to the scientific principles of materials corrosion and corrosion protection. Topics include: thermodynamics of materials corrosion, including potential-PH (Pourbaix) diagrams, kinetics of corrosion reactions and mixed potential theory, types of corrosion (uniform, galvanic, crevice, pitting, fatigue, stress corrosion cracking, intergranular, and hydrogen embrittlement), material/environmental factors that promote or prevent the various types of corrosion, and methods and techniques of corrosion testing. Co: 4034 or ME 3114 or ME 3124 or ME 3134. Pre: CHEM 1074. (3H,3C).

4304: METALS AND ALLOYS

This course covers the production, properties and uses of commercially important metals and alloys. The influence of structure, chemistry, and processing upon the properties of metals is emphasized. Alloy selection is discussed. Mechanical, electrical, thermal and chemical characteristics of ferrous and nonferrous alloys are studied. Pre: 2034 or 2044 or AOE 3094. (3H,3C).

4305,4306: PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MODELING OF METAL CASTING

Casting processes; solidification and its influence on the structure and chemistry of castings; role of fluid flow and heat transfer in mold design; origin and control of casting defects. Pre: 3304 for 4305; 2034 or 2044 for 4306. (3H,3C).

4324: ADVANCED METAL CASTING LABORATORY

Advanced metal casting processes; no-bake sand molds; investment casting; rapid prototyping; melting and casting of aluminum, bronze, iron and steel. Casting finishing including shot and sand blasting. Hands-on experience. Emphasis on safe foundry practices. Oral and written reports are required. Pre: 3324. Co: 3354. (1H,1L,2C).

4414: PHYSICAL CERAMICS

Study of the relationships between the physical properties (thermal, optical, mechanical, electrical and magnetic) and the structure and composition of ceramics at the atomic and microscopic level as affected by processing and service environment. Emphasis will be placed on application and design using structural ceramics. Pre: 3314. Co: 4424. (3H,3C).

4544 (CHEM 4074): LABORATORY IN POLYMER SCIENCE

Experimental techniques used in the synthesis of various linear polymers, copolymers, and crosslinked networks. Determination of polymer molecular weights and molecular weight distribution. Methods used in the thermal, mechanical, and morphological characterization of polymeric systems. Pre: CHEM 3616, CHEM 4534. (1H,3L,2C).

4554: POLYMER ENGINEERING

This course is designed to introduce the student to polymers from the MSE perspective. The basics of polymer snythesis and polymerization will be outlined. The relationship between processing, structure, and properties will be presented with respect to the performance and design requirements of typical polymer applications. Pre: CHEM 1074, PHYS 2306, MATH 2224, MSE 2054. (3H,3C).

4564: POLYMER ENGINEERING LABORATORY

Laboratory experiments exploring the processing-structure-property relationships in polymers and polymer based composites will be performed. Experiments will be conducted in synthesis, melt rheology, crystal structure and mechanical properties of polymers. Effects of reinforcement on the properties of engineering polymers will also be investigated. Co: 4554. (3L,1C).

4574 (ESM 4574): BIOMATERIALS

Lectures and problems dealing with materials used to mimic/replace body functions. Topics include basic material types and possible functions, tissue response mechanisms, and considerations for long term usage. Integrated design issues of multicomponent materials design in prosthetic devices for hard and soft tissues are discussed. Must meet prerequisite or have graduate standing in the College of Veterinary Medicine. Pre: 3054. (3H,3C).

4604: COMPOSITE MATERIALS

The application of the fundamental concepts of mechanics, elasticity, and plasticity to multiphase and composite materials. Constitutive equations for the mechanical and physical properties of metal, ceramic, and polymeric matrix composites. The role of processing and microstructure on properties. Pre: (2034 or 2044 or 3094), (ESM 2204). (3H,3C).


Last update:  October 27, 2016 (KG)

 

 
  
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